Home Houseplants Houseplants with Big Leaves

Houseplants with Large Leaves – GIY Plants

Large elephant ear plant in living room

Houseplants with large leaves are a splendid addition to any indoor space, offering a touch of the tropical and making a bold statement. These big-leaf houseplants, known for their impressive foliage, can transform an indoor garden into a lush jungle.

From the popular Fiddle Leaf Fig to the striking Monstera Deliciosa, large-leaf houseplants not only enhance a room’s aesthetic but also purify the air. Each plant has unique care requirements, including specific soil, water, and lighting needs.

This guide explores some of the best houseplants with large leaves, their origins, essential facts, and quick-care tips to help you grow these majestic plants indoors.

Houseplants with Large Leaves

Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa)

Monstera deliciosa in white pot sitting in corner of room

The Swiss Cheese Plant, scientifically known as Monstera Deliciosa, is a stunning indoor plant that originates from the tropical forests of Central and South America. This popular houseplant is known for its large, glossy green leaves with unique fenestrations or natural holes, which give it a distinctive appearance. As the plant matures, these fenestrations become more pronounced, making it a statement piece in any indoor garden.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Monstera Deliciosa thrives in well-draining soil. A mix of peat, pine bark, and perlite supports its growth while ensuring proper drainage.
  • Watering: This plant prefers consistent moisture but dislikes sitting in water. Water it when the top inch of the soil feels dry. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so ensure the pot has drainage holes.
  • Lighting: While it can adapt to low light conditions, the Swiss Cheese Plant grows best in bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sun can scorch its leaves, while too little light can slow its growth and reduce leaf fenestrations.
  • Humidity: As a tropical plant, it enjoys high humidity. Regular misting or a nearby humidifier can help meet its humidity needs, especially in drier indoor environments.

Rubber Tree (Ficus elastica)

Potted rubber tree sitting on table next to window sill

The Rubber Tree, known scientifically as Ficus Elastica, is a robust and popular indoor tree originating from South and Southeast Asian rainforests. Renowned for its large, dark green, and glossy leaves, this indoor tree can significantly impact any indoor space. Not only is it known for its striking appearance, but it also has air-purifying qualities, making it a functional addition to homes and offices.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Ficus Elastica thrives in a well-draining potting mix. A blend of regular potting soil with some perlite and peat moss is ideal for maintaining the proper moisture balance.
  • Watering: Water the Rubber Tree when the top layer of the soil becomes dry. It’s crucial to avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. Ensuring your pot has drainage holes helps prevent excess water accumulation.
  • Lighting: This plant prefers bright, indirect light. While it can tolerate some degree of low light, insufficient light may lead to leggy growth and loss of leaf brightness.
  • Humidity: Ficus Elastica benefits from moderate to high humidity levels. If indoor air is dry, consider using a humidifier or regularly misting the leaves to increase humidity.

Winterbourn (Philodendron xanadu)

Philodendron xanadu in black pot

Philodendron Xanadu, commonly known as Winterbourn, is a captivating houseplant with deep green, glossy leaves. Originating from Brazil, it’s a part of the large Philodendron genus. Unlike some relatives, the Xanadu is known for its dense, compact shape and smaller, more manageable size, making it an ideal indoor plant. Its leaves are distinctly lobed, giving it a unique and decorative appearance.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: This tropical plant thrives in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. A mix of potting soil, peat moss, and perlite creates the perfect environment for healthy growth.
  • Watering: The Philodendron Xanadu prefers consistently moist soil but dislikes waterlogged conditions. Water it when the top inch of soil feels dry. Ensure the container has drainage holes to prevent excess water retention.
  • Lighting: It flourishes in medium to bright indirect light. While it can tolerate lower light levels, too little light may slow its growth and reduce the vibrancy of its leaves.
  • Humidity: As a tropical variety, it enjoys high humidity. Indoor spaces with dry air require additional moisture, which can be provided by misting the leaves or using a humidifier.

Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)

Fiddle leaf fig tree in white pot in corner of stairs

The Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, scientifically known as Ficus Lyrata, is a striking houseplant originating from the rainforests of West Africa. It’s celebrated for its large, violin-shaped leaves, which make a statement in any indoor setting. This plant can grow to impressive heights indoors, adding a touch of elegance and grandeur to home décor.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Ficus Lyrata prefers a well-draining potting mix. A blend of regular potting soil with some perlite or bark supports its growth and drainage needs.
  • Watering: Water when the top inch of soil feels dry. This plant requires consistent moisture but is sensitive to overwatering. Good drainage is essential to prevent root rot.
  • Lighting: It thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sun can scorch the leaves, while insufficient light may lead to sparse growth and fewer leaves.
  • Humidity: While it can adapt to average indoor humidity, higher humidity levels promote lush leaf growth. Consider misting the leaves or using a humidifier in drier environments.

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia)

Bird of paradise flower

The Bird of Paradise, known scientifically as Strelitzia, is a striking tropical plant native to South Africa. Famous for its enormous leaves that resemble a bird’s plumage, this plant can grow indoors to become a stunning centerpiece. Its vibrant flowers and large, glossy foliage make it a favorite among indoor garden enthusiasts.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Strelitzia thrives in rich, well-draining potting soil. A mix that includes peat, compost, and sand supports its growth.

  • Watering: Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Allow the top layer of soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Proper drainage is crucial to prevent root rot.
  • Lighting: This plant prefers bright, indirect light to flourish. Direct sunlight can be too harsh, but it needs ample light to produce its characteristic flowers.
  • Humidity: While the Bird of Paradise is relatively easy to care for, it does enjoy higher humidity levels. In dry indoor environments, misting can help meet its humidity needs.

Tropic Snow Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia seguine)

Potted dumb cane plant

Tropic Snow Dumb Cane, scientifically named Dieffenbachia Seguine, is an attractive indoor houseplant native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Known for its large, variegated leaves with white, green, and sometimes yellow streaks, this plant adds a striking visual element to any indoor setting. It’s popular in homes and offices for its ability to adapt to indoor conditions and for the lush, vibrant foliage it provides.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: The Tropic Snow Dumb Cane flourishes in a well-draining, nutrient-rich potting mix. A combination of peat, loam, and perlite creates an ideal environment for its growth.
  • Watering: Water this plant when the top inch of soil feels dry. Maintaining a balance is essential, as overwatering and underwatering can harm the plant. Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent excess water retention.
  • Lighting: It thrives in medium to bright indirect light but can tolerate low-light conditions. Avoid direct sunlight, which can scorch its leaves.
  • Humidity: Dieffenbachia Seguine prefers a humid environment. If your home is dry, consider using a humidifier or placing a water tray near the plant to increase moisture levels.

African Mask Plant (Alocasia amazonica)

Nursery stock of african mask plant

The African Mask Plant, also known as Alocasia Amazonica, is a stunning indoor houseplant known for its dramatic foliage. Native to subtropical Asia and eastern Australia, this hybrid has gained popularity for its dark green leaves with prominent white or silver veins. The leaves’ unique shape resembles a mask, giving it a striking appearance.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Alocasia Amazonica thrives in a well-draining, peat-based potting mix. The soil should retain moisture but allow excess water to drain to prevent root rot.
  • Watering: This plant prefers consistently moist soil. Water it when the top inch of the soil starts to feel dry. Overwatering or underwatering can be detrimental, so maintaining the right balance is critical.
  • Lighting: It grows best in bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sun can scorch the leaves, while too little light can lead to leggy growth.
  • Humidity: The African Mask Plant enjoys high humidity, making it perfect for a bathroom with a window. Consider using a humidifier or placing the pot on a tray of watered pebbles in drier environments to increase moisture around the plant.

Elephant Ear (Colocasia)

Large planting of elephant ear plants

The Elephant Ear plant, scientifically known as Colocasia, is a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia and India. This plant is known for its large, heart-shaped leaves, resembling elephant ears, that can grow impressively large. It’s popular for adding a dramatic, tropical feel to inside spaces.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Colocasia thrives in rich, well-draining soil. A mix of garden soil, compost, perlite, or sand is ideal for this moisture-loving plant.
  • Watering: This plant requires consistent moisture. Water it thoroughly when the top inch of soil becomes dry. It’s essential to avoid letting the soil dry out completely, as Colocasia plants are sensitive to drought.
  • Lighting: It prefers bright, indirect light. While it can tolerate lower light levels, insufficient light may result in smaller leaves and slower growth.
  • Humidity: As a tropical plant, Colocasia benefits from high humidity. Using a humidifier or misting the leaves in dry indoor environments can provide the necessary moisture.

Banana Tree (Musa)

Small banana tree in pot sitting next to window

The Banana Tree, classified under the genus Musa, is a tropical plant originating from Southeast Asia. Known for its large, lush leaves, it brings a piece of the tropics into your home. This plant can grow tall and wide, making it a perfect choice for creating an indoor jungle atmosphere. Its big leaf plants can span several feet, adding a unique and exotic touch to indoor spaces.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Musa prefers well-draining, fertile soil. A mix of garden soil and compost provides nutrients and moisture retention.
  • Watering: These tropical plants need consistent watering. Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy. Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.
  • Lighting: Banana Trees thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. They need plenty of light to support their large leaves, but direct sunlight can scorch them.
  • Humidity: High humidity is ideal for the Banana Tree. In drier indoor environments, mist the leaves regularly or use a humidifier to mimic tropical conditions.

Ruffled Fan Palm (Licuala grandis)

Ruffled fan palm plant outdoors

The Ruffled Fan Palm, scientifically known as Licuala Grandis, is a distinctive house plant originating from the rainforests of the Solomon Islands. Characterized by its large, round, pleated leaves, it falls under big leaf houseplants, making a dramatic statement in any indoor setting. The unique fan-like appearance of its foliage adds an exotic and elegant touch, perfect for those looking to enhance their indoor decor with a tropical flair.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Licuala Grandis prefers a well-draining, peat-based potting mix. The soil should be rich in organic matter to support its growth.
  • Watering: Consistent moisture is vital, but avoiding waterlogging is crucial. Water the palm when the top inch of soil feels dry, and ensure the pot has adequate drainage.
  • Lighting: This palm thrives in bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can damage its delicate leaves, so a spot with filtered light is ideal.
  • Humidity: The Ruffled Fan Palm requires high moisture as a tropical plant. Misting the leaves or placing a humidifier nearby in dry indoor environments can help maintain the necessary humidity levels.

Paper Plant (Fatsia japonica)

Close up of paper plant leaves

The Paper Plant, or Fatsia Japonica, is a robust, easy-to-care-for houseplant native to Japan. Known for its large, glossy leaves, it’s an ideal plant to grow indoors for those who appreciate lush, green foliage. This plant’s leaves grow in a hand-like shape, adding a unique and striking visual element to any inside space.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Fatsia Japonica thrives in well-draining, humus-rich soil. A mix of garden soil, compost, and perlite or sand is perfect for ensuring the right balance of drainage and moisture retention.
  • Watering: Water when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Maintaining consistent moisture without overwatering is essential, as this can lead to root rot.
  • Lighting: The Paper Plant prefers bright, indirect light. Too much direct sunlight can scorch its leaves, while too little light may cause it to lose its vibrant color.
  • Humidity: This plant enjoys a humid environment. If your home is dry, consider using a humidifier or placing the plant on a water-filled pebble tray to increase humidity.

Round Leaf Plant (Calathea orbifolia)

Close up of Calathea Orbifolia leaves

Calathea Orbifolia, commonly known as the Round Leaf Plant, is a captivating houseplant native to Bolivia. It is renowned for its large, round leaves adorned with striking green and white stripes. This plant is part of the Calathea family known for its expressive foliage. The Orbifolia stands out with its unique pattern and shape, making it a popular choice for indoor gardeners.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: The plant thrives in a well-draining, peat-based potting mix. It prefers soil that retains moisture but allows excess water to escape to prevent root rot.
  • Watering: Calathea Orbifolia likes consistent moisture. Water it when the top inch of the soil feels slightly dry. Overwatering or letting the soil dry out completely can stress the plant.
  • Lighting: This plant likes bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can fade and damage its leaves, while insufficient light may reduce the vibrancy of its leaf patterns.
  • Humidity: It thrives in high humidity, which helps maintain the health and luster of its leaves. Consider misting the leaves or using a humidifier to achieve the desired humidity level.

Velvet Goddess (Philodendron gloriosum)

Close up of Philodendron gloriosum leaves (Velvet Goddess)

The Velvet Goddess, scientifically known as Philodendron Gloriosum, is a luxurious houseplant with a striking appearance. Native to Colombia, this plant is celebrated for its large, heart-shaped, deep green leaves that feature prominent white veining. The velvet-like texture of the leaves adds to its allure, making it a sought-after plant among indoor gardening enthusiasts.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: This Philodendron variety thrives in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil. A mix containing peat, perlite, and pine bark supports its root system while providing adequate drainage.
  • Watering: The Velvet Goddess prefers evenly moist soil. Water it when the top inch of the soil begins to dry out, ensuring consistent moisture without waterlogging the roots.
  • Lighting: It flourishes in medium to bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while too little light might diminish the vibrancy of its deep green leaves and white veining.
  • Humidity: High humidity levels are preferred for this tropical plant. In dryer indoor environments, consider misting the plant or using a humidifier to maintain the desired humidity around the plant.

Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)

Potted peace lily in front of window

The Peace Lily, known scientifically as Spathiphyllum, is a popular flowering plant native to the Americas and Southeast Asia regions. Renowned for its lush green foliage and elegant white flowers, it has become a favorite among indoor gardeners. The Peace Lily is attractive and known for its air-purifying qualities, making it a functional addition to homes and offices.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: It thrives in a well-draining, rich potting mix. Soil that retains moisture without becoming waterlogged is ideal for this plant.
  • Watering: The Peace Lily prefers consistently moist soil but is sensitive to overwatering. Water it when the top inch of soil feels dry. Its leaves will droop when thirsty, making it easy to determine when to water.
  • Lighting: This plant grows well in low to medium, indirect light. Bright, direct sunlight can scorch its leaves, whereas too little light might inhibit flowering.
  • Humidity: It enjoys high humidity but can adapt to average indoor humidity levels. Misting or placing the plant on a pebble tray can help maintain a humid environment.

Angel Wings Plant (Caladium)

Close up of angel wings plant

The Angel Wings Plant, known scientifically as Caladium, is a striking foliage plant native to South America. Renowned for its vibrant and colorful leaves, which can come in red, pink, white, and green shades, the Caladium is a popular choice for adding a splash of color to indoor gardens. Its leaves are heart-shaped, adding to its ornamental appeal.

Quick Care Requirements

  • Soil: Caladium thrives in a well-draining, peat-rich potting mix. You should keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy.

  • Watering: Regular watering is essential to moisten the soil, especially during the growing season. Reduce watering in the dormant winter months.

  • Lighting: This plant prefers bright, indirect light. Too much direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while insufficient light may cause the colors to fade.

  • Humidity: Caladium benefits from high humidity levels. Consider using a humidifier or misting the plant in drier indoor environments to provide additional moisture.

Conclusion

Indoor plants with large leaves are an interest for many. Looking at pictures of houseplants with big leaves can offer aesthetical inspiration. On top of that, they help purify the air, provide a bold focal point, and fill in an empty space.

In the end, there are several big-leafed houseplants that offer both affordability and ease of care. Consider our list of the best indoor plants with large leaves to find something that piques your interest.

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